Among them were the main homestead at Homebush, near Darfield and the epicentre; Ohinetahi homestead at Governors Bay, at the head of Lyttelton Harbour; and Knox Church in the Christchurch CBD. 1).While many older brick and masonry buildings were damaged and approximately 100 people were injured in this earthquake, there were no associated deaths. A quake measuring 6.3 on the Richter scale and centered in Christchurch followed on February 22, 2011. Canterbury Earthquake Response and Recovery Act 2010; New Zealand Parliament; Long title . The 4 September 2010 earthquake was the largest to affect a major urban area since the 7.8-magnitude shock that struck the Hawke’s Bay region on 3 February 1931. Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. Her family tried to revive her and to contact emergency services on overloaded phone lines. new zealand, news; disaster, earthquake, photos; Leave a comment; On Saturday morning, Christchurch – my home town – had the largest earthquake in recorded New Zealand history. It was 4.35 a.m. when they were awakened abruptly. Initially some Cantabrians worried that they were feeling an even more severe earthquake centred near Wellington – an area known for its seismic activity and where many New Zealanders expected ‘the big one’ to hit. The 2010 Canterbury earthquake was a powerful 7.1 magnitude earthquake, which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 4:35 am September 4, 2010 local time (16:35 3 September UTC). Christchurch earthquakes of 2010–11, series of tremors that occurred within and near the city of Christchurch, New Zealand, and the Canterbury Plains region from early September 2010 to late December 2011. But I must have then found out it was local.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/364/story/. This post uses images provided by Malcolm Teasdale of Kiwirail to show the kine buckling that occurred on a railway track at the point that it crossed area of the surface fault expression close to Rolleston at the east end of the fault system. In the early hours of Saturday morning on 4 September 2010, people in Christchurch and the surrounding Canterbury region were jolted awake by the most damaging earthquake in New Zealand since the deadly magnitude 7.8 Hawke's Bay (Napier) earthquake in 1931. These workers didn’t go unnoticed, as Gary Manch, who was then the sergeant in charge of police in Lyttelton, remembered: I think what stuck for me, I know it happened in other areas as well, myself and my staff were tied up at cordons on the street and working, and the reaction of the local people, we had people bringing in baking and I noticed a couple of postcards, written and drawn by children saying ‘thank you very much’, and it was really nice that the community cared and that we were appreciated. The Canterbury earthquake that took place on 22 February 2011 was one that left everyone in shock. I’m not fond of the dark any more, wasn’t its biggest fan before but I’m even less so now. By the time a devastating 6.3-magnitude earthquake – itself, in seismic terms, an aftershock – struck Christchurch on 22 February 2011, the region had experienced thousands. On 4 September 2010 a moment magnitude (M w) 7.1 earthquake occurred near the small town of Darfield in the Canterbury Plains of the South Island of New Zealand (; Fig. 75, no. September 28 – A landslide kills at least 7 people in Oaxaca, Mexico. [4] David Johnston et al., ‘The 2010/2011 Canterbury Earthquakes: context and cause of injury’, Natural Hazards, January 2014. I know at both ends of the cordon of the main street the local coffee shops and bars made sure we had plenty of food and coffee. The aftershocks were so frequent that many households and workplaces made a kind of game of guessing their magnitude, depth and location. This will be terrifying!’ knowing with distance it will get smaller, so that was my first reaction. This threat became grim reality on 22 February 2011. [9]. I eventually got hold of him and ran to his doorway and stood there until the shaking stopped.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/161/story/. An old lady came out. Research about the effects of the September earthquake on a group of 191 Canterbury residents highlights the psychological impact of the aftershocks: After the main earthquake, accounts of ongoing trepidation related to the aftershocks and concern of another earthquake happening were reported…. As Central City Business Association manager Paul Lonsdale told the Press at the time: It's been hard enough getting back on our feet after the first earthquake and we were just starting to get some normality back into customers' psyche and getting a bit of positivity back and this is just a blow…. The region’s port and airport remained operational, and its manufacturing hub did not sustain significant damage, minimising the disruption to ‘industrial production and good exports and activity’. [3], Several thousand residents sustained lesser injuries for which they sought medical help. One truck started at East, one started at West, and the van we sent around to Rapaki and Corsair Bay, just to do a circuit, to make sure no one was in dire straits of any degree. This article has been written by Molly Mcintosh. At 4.35 a.m. on 4 September 2010, the Canterbury region was struck by a large (magnitude 7.1) earthquake. 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In the early hours of Saturday morning on 4 September 2010, people in Christchurch and the surrounding Canterbury region were jolted awake by the most damaging earthquake in New Zealand since the deadly magnitude 7.8 Hawke's Bay (Napier) earthquake in 1931.There was one important difference-this time there has been no loss of life. A 2012 Reserve Bank report concluded that Canterbury’s economy had proved ‘reasonably resilient to the impact of the earthquakes’, and that ‘the spill over to other regions’ was limited. The earthquake shook apart some older unreinforced brick and masonry buildings, and many more lost chimneys, either during the earthquake or through subsequent removal because of the risk they posed. This citation is automatically generated and … Many buildings were damaged, but only one person died and few people were injured. It was based near Darfield but felt all over the South Island and in the lower part of the North Island. Around 200 students turned up to the group’s first foray into the community – clearing up liquefaction in the south-western suburb of Halswell. English: 2010 Canterbury earthquake was a 7.1 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 16:35 3 September UTC. For example, 3 News reported that between 4.35 a.m. and 7 a.m. the operators at Christchurch’s 111 Communications Centre, based at the Christchurch Central Police Station, took four or five times the usual number of calls – 788 rather than 172. This short lecture introduces you to some of the ways that the Canterbury earthquakes have impacted the city of Christchurch, New Zealand. English: 2010 Canterbury earthquake was a 7.1 magnitude earthquake which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 16:35 3 September UTC. During 2010 and 2011, major earthquakes caused widespread damage and the deaths of 185 people in the city of Christchurch. Australasian Journal of Disaster and Trauma Studies, 2011-2 (Special Issue: A Focus on the Canterbury E, pp. Liquefaction happens when shaking pushes underground water upwards, making solid ground behave like quicksand. At 4:35 am on 4 September 2010, an earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter Scale shook Christchurch west, in the Canterbury region causing damage to houses and property. Rebecca, who was living in Aranui, shared this account of her efforts to reach her son: September 4th 2010. earthquake. As well as damaging properties and the local economy, the earthquake had both physical and psychological effects on Canterbury residents. It was based on the Greendale fault, which is a newly discovered fault. Not everyone was at home. On Saturday 4 September 2010, a magnitude 7.1 earthquake struck Christchurch and the central Canterbury region at 4:35 am. It has been known as the Greendale, Darfield, Rolleston, September or Canterbury Earthquake. The screen went blank, and our world cracked and roared, bucked and swayed, and our city began to fall down and apart. I tried numerous times to get my son out of his cot but the shaking was so violent it was difficult to grab hold of him. Those living near the coast soon realised that the earthquake might have caused a tsunami, and many headed for the hills or higher ground. Building Activity and House Sales So far, earthquake-related building consents remain at a low level in Canterbury partly due to insurance issues, continuing aftershocks and the necessary decisions around land viability. It was a feeling that you would normally experiences on a roller coaster on the Gold Coast. It was centred 40 km west of Christchurch, near the town of Darfield, at a depth of 10 km. It was the first Canterbury earthquake which fair walloped Kaiapoi. Ground near the Darfield epicentre moved at up to 1.25 times the acceleration due to gravity. The 2010 Canterbury earthquake measured 7.1 on the Richter Scale and struck the South Island of New Zealand at 4:35 am on the 4th of September 2010. No one died as a direct result of the earthquake, and there were relatively few casualties. Aftershocks still occur and are experienced throughout the region. Within New Zealand, the September 2010 earthquake and its aftershocks are thus also known as the Canterbury earthquakes. No deaths are reported. Clock stopped after September 2010 earthquake. Despite being smaller on the Richter Scale, this second earthquake caused widespread … Schools were closed for about two weeks after the earthquake. The majority of deaths occurred in the collapse of two multi-storey, central city office buildings, the Canterbury Television (CTV) and Pyne Gould Corporation (PGC) buildings 1 Liquefaction occurs when sandy soil under pressure, as in an earthquake, loses much of its strength and behaves like a liquid. Reports indicate terror during the main earthquake, however, there was a sense that on-going aftershocks were more devastating and difficult to bear. September 7 – Israel becomes the 33rd member of the OECD. 2010 Canterbury Earthquake. A magnitude 7.1 earthquake occurred near Christchurch at 4.35 a.m. on Saturday 4 September 2010. It amounted to a magnitude of 6.3, and the quake was centered around 10km south-east of the city. On 4 September 2010, a magnitude Mw 7.1 earthquake struck the Canterbury region on the South Island of New Zealand. It was centred 9 km southeast of the town of Darfield, 40 km west of Christchurch (all locations mentioned in the text are in Fig. The majority of these people were injured during the primary earthquake, for example by tripping or falling. At 4:35 am on Saturday 4 September 2010, the Canterbury region was rocked by a magnitude 7.1 earthquake. Luckily in the Brigade we’ve got builders, quite a few people that are involved with structural work, civil engineering, so we’ve got quite a good make up in the brigade as far as a cross section of people. Lots of brick chimneys fell off houses and many others needed to be removed as the earthquake had made them unstable. Culture and Society [2]. The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 people in the nation's fifth-deadliest disaster. On Boxing Day (26 December 2010) there was a large aftershock of the September earthquake. Individual businesses also suffered badly – whether from damage to stock or buildings, the impact of damage to infrastructure such as roads and utilities, or because of a decline in the demand for their services. One was hit by a falling chimney while the other was seriously injured by broken glass. Commercial re-use may be allowed on request. This article has been written by Molly Mcintosh. DISCLAIMER . Read more on Te Ara. [8] Rachel Harre and Frank Malone operated Fragments of Grace gallery in Kaiapoi, which was badly affected by the September quake. The 2010 Canterbury earthquake (also known as the Darfield earthquake) struck the South Island of New Zealand with a moment magnitude of 7.1 at 4:35 a.m. local time on 4 September, and had a maximum perceived intensity of X (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. During the first 30-second jolt, family members and flatmates called out to each other and parents stumbled out of beds and down hallways to get to their children. We had, oh we had chimneys by the dozens and dozens and dozens. Home Images and media photos Car crushed in September 2010 Canterbury earthquake Car crushed in September 2010 Canterbury earthquake Although no deaths were caused directly by the 7.1-magnitude earthquake of 4 September 2010, damage to buildings and personal property was considerable. Damaged school buildings resulted in state intervention which required amendment of the Education Act of 1989, and the development of ‘site sharing agreements’ in undamaged schools to cater for the needs of students whose schools had closed. It was based on the Greendale fault, which is a newly discovered fault. The earthquake shaking also produced liquefaction - ‘a liquid mush’ of soft sand and silt. Despite being smaller on the Richter Scale, this second earthquake caused widespread damage and loss of lives. At the moment I’m taking each day as it comes, there’s really not any other way to do it, you get better but every shake or noise sends you back a little again, not completely back to the start but enough to not want to be on my own.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/144/story/, Damage to Homebush homestead, Darfield (video, Te Ara). Ambulance, fire and police officers, doctors, nurses and carers, council workers and those responsible for essential services, left their families, neighbours and properties to look after the wider community. Despite their efforts, and those of the ambulance officers who soon arrived, she died on her way to hospital. Next we thought we might be needed at the neighbouring rest home. At 4:35 am on 4 September 2010, there was a magnitude 7.1 earthquake. Most Cantabrians were at home and asleep when the 7.1-magnitude earthquake struck the region before dawn on Saturday 4 September 2010. Abstract. One person died from a heart attack, possibly caused by the shock of the earthquake, but there were no o… The page quickly gained thousands of fans, many of whom committed themselves to helping with the clean-up. A recent post was centred on images of the fault rupture of the September 2010 Canterbury earthquake in New Zealand. [5] Rowney, Farvid and Sibley, ‘I laugh and say I have “earthquake brain!”’, p. 7. As aftershock upon aftershock hit the region, beginning with a 5.6-magnitude shake at 4.56 a.m., families and flatmates comforted each other and began to venture out to check on their neighbours. It is the first in a series of earthquakes between 2010 and 2012 that resulted in the deaths of 187 people and over $40 billion worth of damage. This site is produced by the History Group of the New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 43, no. It was 4.35 a.m. when they were awakened abruptly. Beckera, D.M. Strong aftershocks were reported, including ones of magnitude 5.3. I know we are, but it was nice to be looked after. At 4:35 am on 4 September 2010, there was a magnitude 7.1 earthquake. [8] Miles Parker and Daan Steenkamp, ‘The economic impact of the Canterbury earthquake’, Reserve Bank of New Zealand Bulletin, vol. An overview of the impacts of the 2010-2011 Canterbury earthquakes S.H. The epicentre of the Canterbury earthquake was near the town of Darfield, and felt throughout the South Island and as far north as New Plymouth. They were closed for a variety of reasons, such as damage to school land and buildings, lack of power or water, transport difficulties and frequent aftershocks. We did about 185 chimneys, we either made secure or we took down, so most of them had to be taken down, well probably a 50-50 split to be perfectly honest. At 4.30 am our family of three (two adults and one teenager) two guests and our two dogs ended up in the car driving for high ground after being shaken violently awake. Around six months later, at 12:51 pm on 22 February 2011, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake hit south-east of Christchurch. [6] Janet K. Spittlehouse, Peter R. Joyce, Esther Vierck, Philip J. Schluter and John F. Pearson, ‘Ongoing adverse mental health impact of the earthquake sequence in Christchurch, New Zealand’, Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, vol. The chimneys we took down were the ones that would fall over and go through someone’s roof or fall onto a pathway where there could be people walking, so we had all these sorts of things.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/515/story/, Following the 4 September 2010 earthquake, Canterbury University student Sam Johnson set up a Facebook page on which he called for volunteers to help with recovery efforts. Project Number 430W4020-66 . A magnitude7.1 earthquake struck the Canterbury region of New Zealands South Island on September 4, 2010; the epicenter was located near the town of Darfield, approximately 35 kilometers west of Christchurch on the previously unknown Greendale fault. The CTV Building was the headquarters of Canterbury Television (locally known as CTV) and other companies. Strong aftershocks were reported, including ones of magnitude 5.3. 8, 2014, pp. During the first 30-second jolt, family members and flatmates called out to each other and parents stumbled out of beds and down hallways to get to their children. That’s the beauty of being a volunteer brigade. Widely felt over the South Island and the southern North Island, it caused considerable damage in central Canterbury, especially in Christchurch. At 4:35 am on 4 September 2010, an earthquake measuring 7.1 on the Richter Scale shook Christchurch west, in the Canterbury region causing damage to houses and property. The Canterbury Earthquake Response and Recovery Act 2010 was a New Zealand statute designed to assist reconstruction after the 2010 Canterbury earthquake. The initial shaking did not cause me to feel too much panic but as we drove and found roads to be splitting and the bridge across the estuary collapsing it became more alarming. Some of these were very strong and caused more damage to buildings and land. Johnstonb, K.P. The 2010 Canterbury earthquake was a powerful 7.1 magnitude earthquake, which struck the South Island of New Zealand at 4:35 am September 4, 2010 local time (16:35 3 September UTC). Immediately after the September earthquake, the number of international guest nights fell by 6 per cent. quake; furthermore, many had been partially damaged and weakened in the 2010 earthquake. (2011) Animal welfare impact following the 4 September 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake. It suffered heavy damage in the 2010 Canterbury earthquake and was devastated in the 2011 Christchurch earthquake. It has been known as the Greendale, Darfield, Rolleston, September or Canterbury Earthquake. Fri 3 Sep 2010 19.21 EDT. 2). As at 9 February 2012, the official earthquake toll was 185 victims. 43, no. The 2010 Canterbury earthquake (also known as the Darfield earthquake) struck the South Island of New Zealand with a moment magnitude of 7.1 at 4:35am local time on 4 September, and had a maximum perceived intensity of X (Extreme) on the Mercalli intensity scale. Canterbury Earthquake (Building Act) Order 2010: revoked (after expiring on the close of 16 September 2011), on 19 April 2016, by section 146(2) of the Greater … The family of Lillian (Lill) Daniels-Witika believe she was a casualty of the September 2010 earthquake. So all of a sudden, the fire brigade became … not the experts, but the go-to people, to come and see if the cracks in my foundation or the cracks in my walls were all right or not. But they also caused real fear and anxiety – both for people’s own safety and that of their families, friends and neighbours, and for what they might mean for the future of their homes, businesses and community. BiblioWeb: app03 Version 3.26.0 Last updated 2021/01/20 06:52, Kete Christchurch: Canterbury earthquakes 2010 2011, Christchurch City Libraries' Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. While many Wellingtonians did feel the earthquake, it was centred in Canterbury and experienced most strongly in that region. Most people in Christchurch got their power back on in the few days after the quake, but some people had to wait longer, especially those in rural areas. Since the Canterbury earthquakes of 2010 and 2011, earthquake readiness has become even more of an issue, with buildings declared by Wellington City … More than 7000 people were treated for injuries, 220 of them with major trauma. September September 4 – 2010 Canterbury earthquake: A magnitude 7.1 earthquake strikes the South Island of New Zealand, including the city of Christchurch, causing widespread damage and power outages. The earthquake was based near Darfield, about 40 kms west of Christchurch. Geonet, the country’s geological hazard monitoring system, received thousands of ‘felt reports’. Pottera,n, J.S. Most of the 185 deaths (72%) took place in the collapses of two multistory downtown buildings, designed and constructed in the mid-60s and mid-80 [s, respectively. Two people were seriously injured by falling buildings. Tourism infrastructure in Canterbury and Christchurch is operating as usual. How are they coping? 756-63. Seismologists noted that the earthquake sequence was highly unusual, and likely to never happen again anywhere else in the world. Bruises, sprains and strains were most common, followed by cuts, dislocations and broken bones. http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/721/story/. The littlest sound makes me jump at night although I am still a little jumpy during the day. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. If you are still seeing this message and JavaScript is enabled in your browser then please either contact the library or fill in our technical support form and we will try to fix the problem. Canterbury Earthquake (Building Act) Order 2010: revoked (after expiring on the close of 16 September 2011), on 19 April 2016, by section 146(2) of the Greater … In the Waimakariri District, people had to keep boiling their water for longer. The 2010-2011 Canterbury earthquake sequence The Darfield earthquake occurred at 4:35 am (New Zealand Standard Time, NZST) on 4 September 2010, causing no fatalities and few injuries. Both elderly parents and young children were mentioned in these accounts highlighting fear as a common response across all age groups. Those able to reach work faced a hectic short-staffed shift and many more busy days ahead. It just reopens all the fear that people were just starting to get over. The epicentre of the Canterbury earthquake was near the town of Darfield, and felt throughout the South Island and as far north as New Plymouth. The earthquake’s epicentre was near Lyttelton, just 10 km south-east of Christchurch’s central business district. While most came from the South Island, there were some from the lower North Island and Stewart Island. This article was written by Imelda Bargas and produced by the NZHistory team. One person died from a heart attack, possibly caused by the shock of the earthquake, but there were no other deaths. Business was really down the gurgler at this stage as I thought we were insured but by the time we paid excesses and whatever on the $30,000 of smashed work, well we got a couple of thousand, that’s all. Rebecca, who was living in Aranui, shared this account of her efforts to reach h… New Zealand and the Christchurch Earthquake 2. There confusion reigned supreme. Then there was a roaring sound, and terrible shaking which got progressively worse and worse. 2010 Canterbury earthquake September 2010 earthquake in New Zealand. It was the first Canterbury earthquake which fair walloped Kaiapoi. It didn’t seem that we could be of any assistance, so we left them to it; there were no doubt caregivers inside.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/612/story/. As David mentions in his account on QuakeStories, driving out of Southshore posed its own risks: During the September event our house was full as a friend’s wife had recently died and so we were hosting people on the Friday night. The coroner’s final finding was death by natural causes (sudden cardiac death), with the earthquake – a ‘high stress situation’ – a contributing factor. M 7.2 Darfield (Canterbury) Sat, Sep 4 2010 The Darfield earthquake caused severe building damage in mid-Canterbury, particularly to the city of Christchurch. We have 1 event in history, 2 biographies, 7 articles, related to September 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake. When the earthquake struck, Lill suffered a heart attack. After large aftershocks, or tremors which particularly affected a specific area, shops, schools and workplaces closed while buildings were assessed or reassessed for damage. Before the 22 February 2011 earthquake, the cost of repairs and rebuilding was estimated at around $5 billion. Power, water and phone lines were all affected. Please ensure that you have JavaScript enabled in your browser. At 12.51 p.m. on Tuesday 22 February 2011, a magnitude 6.3 earthquake caused severe damage in Christchurch and Lyttelton, killing 185 people and injuring several thousand. Upload media Wikipedia: Instance of: earthquake: Location: Darfield, Selwyn District, Canterbury Region, New Zealand : Point in time: 3 September 2010 (2) Number of deaths: 1; … 48, no. That’s where Joan Curry was when the quake struck on 22 February 2011: After the first earthquake, on 4th September, 2010, I declared that I wouldn’t want to be in a shopping mall should another one strike – but there I was, in a mall. Writing to Mana Magazine after the February 2011 earthquake, Lill’s sister, Gloria, told of the family’s pain that Lill’s death had not been recognised, even though an interim coroner’s finding stated that she ‘had died from sudden cardiac arrest caused by a major stress situation – the earthquake’. 2, July 2014, p. 7, Janet K. Spittlehouse, Peter R. Joyce, Esther Vierck, Philip J. Schluter and John F. Pearson, ‘Ongoing adverse mental health impact of the earthquake sequence in Christchurch, New Zealand’, Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, vol. [6]. Familiar travel routes around the region were constantly disrupted as streets, bridges and tunnels were closed for inspection and re-inspection. In late 2010 and in 2011, Canterbury endured a series of major earthquakes. This report has been prepared by the Institute of Geological and Nuclear Sciences Limited (GNS Science) exclusively for and under contract to Christchurch City Council. [7]. http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/82/story/According to the earthquake drums [seismographs] it lasted about a minute, but it felt much longer! 2, July 2014, p. 7. Our first neighbour – an elderly gentleman, whose wife is wheelchair-bound – was quite alright, but profoundly grateful that we came knocking on his door so soon to check on him. This timeline lists events and actions related to the September 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake and its immediate aftermath. 2010 Canterbury earthquake [1] Casey Rowney, Panteá Farvid and Chris G. Sibley, ‘I laugh and say I have “earthquake brain!”’: resident responses to the September 2010 Christchurch earthquake’, New Zealand Journal of Psychology, vol. 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