Sources. HHS, Food and Drug Administration, Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. Minerals come from the foods you eat and are either macrominerals or microminerals. Needed for proper fluid balance, nerve transmission, and muscle contraction. electrolytes) The five major minerals in your body are also classified as electrolytes. Vitamins, Minerals and Food Sources. Helps maintain healthy blood pressure Yogurt, cheese, milk, Function. Use this interactive resource to find out! Essential minerals are inorganic chemicals that your body needs to function properly. You can find more information on the 14 vitamins and 16 minerals in this list on the websites of the Linus Pauling Institute, the Dietary Reference Intakes Resources of the Institute of Medicine, and the USDA National Nutrient Database.. Related Articles An essential mineral is any mineral required by the body for health, that cannot be produced by the body and so has to be provided by your diet. A balanced diet prevents mineral deficiencies. The two tables below list minerals, what they do in the body (their functions), and their sources in food. Minerals Fact Sheet. Note that I have listed only those foods which contain the listed vitamins in significant quantities. The term "organic trace minerals" or fulvic minerals is used to describe plant-based trace minerals that have been converted into readily absorbable forms by plants or bound together by natural substances such as fulvic acid. Trace minerals in this form are far more compatible with our chemistry as organic life-forms and are … Of course, this is not an exhaustive list but it’s a good start towards making sure you are eating the right foods to get the nutrients you need. Sodium. The Mineral Chart Mineral What it does Good food sources Effects of deficiency Calcium Builds and protects bones and teeth. A List of Essential Minerals. These fact sheets provide all the info you need to know about vitamins and minerals in food. Minerals may seem really complex and confusing. For more information on minerals in food, its definition types, functions and sources of minerals, and examples of minerals in food, keep visiting BYJU’S Biology. Learn about the functions that each vitamin and mineral performs in the body. Vitamins and Minerals Chart. Helps with muscle contractions and relaxation, blood clotting, and nerve impulse transmission. How can the Nutrition Facts label help you to choose foods rich in vitamins and minerals? Plays a role in hormone secretion and enzyme activation. Macrominerals. Also Read: Minerals. Minerals from plant sources may also vary from place to place, because the mineral content of the soil varies according to the location in which the plant was grown. There are 21 essential minerals, often described as: List of 5 major minerals (a.k.a. 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