The plant has large white or violet trumpet-shaped flowers and produces a large spiny capsule fruit to which the common name thorn apple is sometimes applied. Most members of this plant family are poisonous, and jimson weed is no exception. When the fruits begin to burst open, the seeds are harvested. True Fact: "This nightshade was named 'Jamestown weed' after soldiers there ate it and got blasted. 1" is one of the most well-known examples of O’Keeffe’s celebrated flower paintings, which stand among the most recognizable images in both art history and popular culture. The Checklist of the Vascular Plants of San Diego County, by Jon P. Rebman and Michael G. Simpson, published by the San Diego Natural History Museum and San Diego State University, uses Desert Thorn-Apple for D. discolor and Western Jimson Weed for D. wrightii. It has also been used as a hallucinogen (of the anticholinergic/antimuscarinic, deliriant type), taken entheogenically to cause intense visions. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs) and is pollinated by Moths. This being an early plant, was gather'd very young for a boil'd salad, by some of the soldiers sent thither to quell the rebellion of Bacon (1676); and some of them ate plentifully of it, the effect of which was a very pleasant comedy, for they turned natural fools upon it for several days: one would blow up a feather in the air; another would dart straws at it with much fury; and another, stark naked, was sitting up in a corner like a monkey, grinning and making mows [grimaces] at them; a fourth would fondly kiss and paw his companions, and sneer in their faces with a countenance more antic than any in a Dutch droll.In this frantic condition they were confined, lest they should, in their folly, destroy themselves—though it was observed that all their actions were full of innocence and good nature. [10], The genus name is derived from the plant's Hindi name, dhatūra, ultimately from Sanskrit dhattūra 'white thorn-apple'. I regard the stout three- to six-foot tall plant — which displays large irregularly-lobed, purple-tinged leaves and funnel-shaped flowers — from a distance, according it the same respect reserved for copperheads, rattlesnakes, and amanita mushrooms. Jimson weed definition, a coarse, rank-smelling weed, Datura stramonium, of the nightshade family, having oaklike, poisonous leaves and tubular white or lavender flowers. They spent 11 days in altered mental states: The James-Town Weed (which resembles the Thorny Apple of Peru, and I take to be the plant so call'd) is supposed to be one of the greatest coolers in the world. Also known as devil’s snare, it is a plant in the deadly nightshade family. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Jimson weed has been taken for its narcotic and hallucinogenic effects by Native American tribes from the southwestern United States to South America. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. tatula).. Plant societies have warned that jimson weed … George Ellison. In Portugese its called trombeta, trombeteira, estramónio, estramônio, Figueira do demo, figueira do diabo, figueira do inferno, figueira brava and zabumba, estramónio in Spanish and jimson weed or devil’s snare in English and Jamestown weed in the USA. [28], Datura intoxication typically produces delirium, hallucination, hyperthermia, tachycardia, bizarre behavior, urinary retention, and severe mydriasis with resultant painful photophobia that can last several days. As a matter of fact, it has its references in Homer’s Odyssey, and Shakespeare plays. Henry Hyde Salter discusses D. stramonium as a treatment for asthma in his 19th-century work On Asthma: its Pathology and Treatment. Jimsonweed ( Datura stramonium ). [2][7] The leaves are generally smoked either in a cigarette or a pipe. Aghora: At the Left Hand of God. The calyx is long and tubular, swollen at the bottom, and sharply angled, surmounted by five sharp teeth. The family is known as the deadly nightshade family. If you haven't solved the crossword clue Jimson weed yet try to search our Crossword Dictionary by entering the letters you already know! In the United States, the plant is called "jimsonweed", or more rarely "Jamestown weed" deriving from the town of Jamestown, Virginia, where English soldiers consumed it while attempting to suppress Bacon's Rebellion. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Jimson weed is a member of the family Solanaceae. Worldwide: Exact native range obscure (USDA-ARS 2016 Footnote 2), present in Asia, Africa, North and … There are more than a dozen species of this naturalized Asian plant. [4][5][6] It is an aggressive invasive weed in temperate climates across the world. She was fond of the flowers, which grew wild around her New Mexico house. [19] Additionally, within a given plant, toxin concentration varies by part and even from leaf to leaf. Jimson weed (Datura stramonium, thornapple) contains the same alkaloids as belladonna. [22], Through observation, the seed is thought to be carried by birds and spread in their droppings. A 1932 painting of Jimson weed by American artist Georgia O’Keeffe has sold at auction, following a bidding war that resulted in a record-breaking price of $44 million—quadruple the original estimate that the picture was expected to bring. The leaves are generally smoked either in a cigarette or a pipe. Jimsonweed grows to a height of 1 to almost 2 metres (up to 6.5 feet) and is commonly found along roadsides or other disturbed habitats. In 1936, cosmetics executive Elizabeth Arden commissioned O'Keeffe to paint Jimson Weed to hang in the exercise room of the new Arden Sports Salon in New York. As a result, the plant came to be called Jamestown weed, which evolved into jimson weed. Arden paid $10,000 for the largest floral composition O'Keeffe would ever create. Victor Kuete, in Toxicological Survey of African Medicinal Plants, 2014. *The son of a James back then was named Jim. [10] The upper surface of the leaves is a darker green, and the bottom is a light green. Omissions? Adding nitrogen fertilizer to the soil increases the concentration of alkaloids present in the plant. His social history is significant for marijuana and alcohol abuse. Jimson weed, or datura, is an aggressive weed that grows all over the classical world. (Enter a dot for each missing letters, e.g. Jimson Weed was commissioned by cosmetics magnate Elizabeth Arden for the new Gymnasium Moderne of her Fifth Avenue Salon in New York City. 2 minutes Share Tweet Email Print. (Jimson…of course being the nickname for James.) 22.5.5 Datura stramonium. D. stramonium can be grown from seed, which is sown with several feet between plants. Salt Lake City: University of Utah Press, 2000. chalybaea (syn. Solanaceae. In 1676, some of the Jamestown settlers of America ate Datura Stramonium, and that took them to near death. It also affects the brain and heart. Regulation. Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas: A Savage Journey to the Heart of the American Dream, "Datura stramonium in Flora of China @ efloras.org", "Biota of North America Program, 2014 county distribution map", "Datura stramonium : Common thornapple | Atlas of Living Australia", Transactions of the Linnean Society of London, "Book II: Of the Natural Product and Conveniencies in Its Unimprov'd State, Before the English Went Thither", "Thorn-apple, Datura stramonium – Flowers – NatureGate", "Savanna glade hotspots: Plant community development and synergy with large herbivores", "Alkaloid-containing plants poisonous to cattle and horses in Europe", "Deadly Harry Potter plant devil's snare turns up in Suffolk pensioner's garden", "Jimson Weed (Datura stramonium) poisoning", "An Experimental History Of The Materia Medica: Stramonium", http://www.today.com/id/9842124#.UsLVWdIW1A0, "Tate Modern to show iconic flower painting by Georgia O'Keeffe", "Georgia O'Keeffe and the $44 Million Jimson Weed". 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