Later that year on 13 January 2010, Russian Federation President Vladimir Putin introduced changes in the legislation legalising the operation of the plant; this action brought about a wave of protests from ecologists and local residents. Lake Baikal is the worlds oldest and deepest lake with a depth of 5,336 feet deep. [12] At some locations, hydrothermal vents with water that is about 50 °C (122 °F) have been found. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 8(3): 415–22. [9] During the winter, the water transparency in open sections can be as much as 30–40 m (100–130 ft), but during the summer it is typically 5–8 m (15–25 ft). Most of them are governmental or associated with governmental organizations. Small tourist vessels operate in the area, availing bird-watching, animal watching (especially Baikal seal), and fishing. Baikal is home to thousands of species of plants and animals, many of them endemic to the region. Here are the 50 lakes we have listed within USA > South > Florida - compared by Deepest Lakes.. This body of water is both the largest and deepest lake in the world and measures 1,642 metres deep, while it contains around 20% of the unfrozen fresh surface water in the world. [114][115], The first European to reach the lake is said to have been Kurbat Ivanov in 1643.[116]. Kuzmin. Baikal has seen an influx of visitors from China and Europe. [76], Vikhor Savin (1624) and Maksim Perfilyev (1626 and 1627–28) explored Tungus country on the lower Angara. This lake in Russia is the deepest lake in the world, with a depth of staggering 5,387 feet. In 2007, the Russian government declared the Baikal region a special economic zone. Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake by volume in the world, containing 22 to 23% of the world's fresh surface water. [34] Instead of vascular plants, aquatic flora is often dominated by several green algae species, notably Draparnaldioides, Tetraspora, and Ulothrix in water shallower than 20 m (65 ft); although Aegagrophila, Cladophora, and Draparnaldioides may occur deeper than 30 m (100 ft). Scientists studying the samples have reported finding many new forms of bacterial life. [45] The golomyankas are the primary prey of the Baikal seal and represent the largest fish biomass in the lake. [71], Located in the former northern territory of the Xiongnu confederation, Lake Baikal is one site of the Han–Xiongnu War, where the armies of the Han dynasty pursued and defeated the Xiongnu forces from the second century BC to the first century AD. [93], The Baykalsk Pulp and Paper Mill was constructed in 1966, directly on the shoreline of Lake Baikal. [90] Baikal has always been popular in Russia and CIS-countries, but for the last few years[when?] 9 of the World’s Deepest Lakes Crater Lake (1,943 feet [592 meters]). The road through the lake is 12 km (7.5 mi) long and it goes from the village Kurkut on the mainland, to Irkutskaya Guba on Olkhon Island.[86]. Issyk Kul is the second largest saline lake in the world after the Caspian Sea. Its main tributary is the Mayer River together with other streams and its main outlet is the Pascua River. [34] More than 400 diatom species, both benthic and planktonic, are found in the lake, and about half of these are endemic to Baikal; however, significant taxonomic uncertainties remain for this group.[34]. [25] It is caught, smoked, and then sold widely in markets around the lake. [citation needed], The Trans-Siberian Railway was built between 1896 and 1902. What's the Difference Between a Solstice and an Equinox? Until its completion, a train ferry transported railcars across the lake from Port Baikal to Mysovaya for a number of years. (1997). Spring ice melt underway on Lake Baikal, on 4 May: Notice the ice-covered north, while much of the south is already ice-free. Recreational lakes and reservoirs at Lakelubbers. Lake Baikal endemic sponge Lubomirskia baikalensis: structure and organization of the gene family of silicatein and its role in morphogenesis. In 1996 it was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. This allows access to the figures of ice that are formed at rocky banks of Olkhon Island, including Cape Hoboy, the Three Brothers rock, and caves to the North of Khuzhir. At 5,387 feet (1,642 meters) deep and with a surface area of 12,248 square miles (31,722 square kilometers) it is the deepest lake in the world and the seventh largest by surface area. In the past, the Baikal was referred to by many Russians as the "Baikal Sea" (море Байкал, More Baikal), rather than merely "Lake Baikal" (озеро Байкал, Ozero Baikal). Daneliya, M.E. [70], The Baikal area, sometimes known as Baikalia, has a long history of human habitation. Russian, U.S., and Japanese cooperative studies of deep-drilling core sediments in the 1990s provide a detailed record of climatic variation over the past 6.7 million years. Fault-controlled accommodation zones rising to depths about 300 m (980 ft) separate the basins. as Transbaikalia or as the Transbaikal, and the loosely defined region around the lake itself is sometimes known as Baikalia. 1,332. This leads to many casualties every year. It was their position that it was also necessary to preserve endemic species of local biota, and to maintain the area around Lake Baikal as a recreation zone. It consists of 192 optical modules. Search Results. [78], In July 2008, Russia sent two small submersibles, Mir-1 and Mir-2, to descend 1,592 m (5,223 ft) to the bottom of Lake Baikal to conduct geological and biological tests on its unique ecosystem. The wind on the exposed lake was so cold, many people died, freezing in place until spring thaw. In 1653, Pyotr Beketov took Kolesnikov's route to Lake Irgen west of Chita, and that winter his man Urasov founded Nerchinsk. Geophysical Journal International, 170 (1), 101–116. Their primitive sounding device … The ice road to Olkhon Island is the only legal ice road on Lake Baikal. Nerchinsk was destroyed by the local Tungus, but restored in 1658. Together, these winds cause waves as high as 6 meters. Lakes ranked by maximum depth. The World's Deepest Lakes At 1,943 feet (592 meters), Crater Lake is the deepest lake in the United States and one of the deepest in the world. Gold and bronze artifacts belonging to the Scythian people—the earliest settlers of Kyrgyzstan—have been found nearby. ", "Ecotourism in Siberia: Development and Challenges on Olkhon Island", "World's deepest lake crippled by putrid algae, poaching and pollution", Some aspects of nature protection in the scientific heritage of academician Innokentiy Gerasimov, "Economic crisis saves Lake Baikal from pollution", "Russia Uses Microsoft to Suppress Dissent", "Russians Debate Fate of Lake: Jobs Or Environment? [31] The invasive species Elodea canadensis was introduced to the lake in the 1950s. Krainov, M.E. [8] It is among the world's clearest[9] lakes and is the world's oldest lake,[10] at 25–30 million years. Also known as the "blue eye of Siberia", Lake Baikal is located in Southern Siberia, between Irkutsk Oblast to the northwest and the Buryat Republic to the southeast. The deepest lake in the world is Lake Baikal in Russia. Morphometric Data. Lake Baikal is nicknamed "Older sister of Sister Lakes (Lake Khövsgöl and Lake Baikal)".[120]. 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