Mucina, L. & Rutherford, M.C. Perennial evergreen herbs up to 1 m tall and 1 m in diameter from a decumbent (spreading horizontally at first but then growing upwards) rhizome up to 150 mm long, often covered in old leaf bases. Chlorophytum comosum is one of 38 Chlorophytum species in South Africa (Archer 2003) and is easily distinguished by its spreading inflorescence bearing vegetative plantlets rooting when the inflorescence touches the ground. The plant grows up to 400 mm high and has a bushy grass-like appearance, with leaves forming a basal rosette. Me… Chlorophytum comosum often grows in dominant stands in forested moist river valleys (Mucina & Rutherford 2006). Le Chlorophytum comosum (appelé également phalangère ou plante araignée) est une plante d’appartement ou d’intérieur facile d’entretien. 20 per page; 50 per page; 100 per page; Search Results. Chlorophytum orchidastrum Green Orange is also known as Chlorophytum amaniense ‘Fire Flash’ and Chlorophytum orchidantheroides. The peduncle (stalk of the inflorescence) is 2-4 mm in diameter and has linear-lanceolate bracts tapering to a point. It was therefore not necessary to include it in the Red Data Book (Raimondo et al . Plants react well to organic feeding (compost or any other liquid fertilizer). The plants are native to the tropical and subtropical regions of Africa, Australia, and Asia. ); iphamba (Zulu). (eds) 2006. Germination is usually within 3 weeks. Merveilleuse plante d’intérieur, le chlorophytum, qu’il soit elatum ou comosum, s’adapte aux température de nos intérieurs toute l’année et supporte aussi un peu de fraicheur l’hiver, entre 10 et 15°. It has long thin roots without tubers (tubers are found in other Chlorophytum species such as C. comosum `hen-and-chickens'). This plant basically is a small herb that reaches up to 2 feet with tuberous rhizomes. The plantlets can be transferred directly to small containers. Spider plant or Chlorophytum comosum is an ornamental indoor plant native of Africa. Chlorophytum Comosum "Vittatum" - This was the first variegated cultivar of the Spider Plant and was the most popular until the late 1990s. The flowers grow in axillary fascicles. Améliorez le drainage en mettant au fond du pot un lit de graviers ou de … Dès l’achat, si le pot est trop petit, n’hésitez pas à rempoter votre chlorophytum afin qu’il ait la place de bien se développer. Chlorophytum comosum 10; roots [remove] 10; leaves 4; shoots 4; Tradescantia pallida 3; more Subject » Search 10 Search Results . Roots fleshy and tapering at both sides (fusiform), succulent, up to 10 mm in diameter. Chlorophytum comosum is widespread and not threatened in its habitat. Évitez absolument la proximité d’une source de chaleur comme un radiateur car cette plante d’origine tropicale a besoin d’humidité. The fruit is a 3-angled capsule and its seeds are flattish, black and shiny. The vegetation of South Africa, Lesotho and Swaziland. 1010. Réduisez l’arrosage de manière à attendre que le sol soit sec en surface entre 2 arrosages. Dès l’achat, si le pot est trop petit, n’hésitez pas à rempoter votre chlorophytum afin qu’il ait la place de bien se développer. Apportez de l’engrais liquide pour plantes vertes tous les 8 à 15 jours environ durant cette période de croissance. Blue-violet light prominently induced negative phototropism while red light had … Meyer (eds), Plants of southern Africa: an annotated checklist. Le chlorophytum est originaire d’Afrique du Sud et apprécié pour la beauté de son feuillage. University of Natal Press, Pietermaritzburg. Chlorophytum comosum grows to about 60 centimetres (24 in) high. Ensuite, tous les ans et de préférence au printemps, rempotez votre chlorophytumdans un pot d’un diamètre très légèrement supérieur. Plant type: An ornamental, evergreen and herbaceous perennial. Chlorophytum comosum Ocean is a compact spider plant, looking a little like Variegatum, with creamy margins and a green centre. On retrouve principalement les maladies courantes des plantes d’intérieur, l’araignée rouge et la cochenille. 1 - 10 of 10. This is probably the most cultivated house plant in the world, especially the cultivars. En résumé, ce qu'il faut savoir :…, Le ficus forever est une plante d'intérieur magnifique qui mérite qu'on lui apporte le plus grand soin. Son besoin d’humidité fait que cette plante se plaira beaucoup dans une salle de bain éclairée. The many `pups' or vegetative plantlets are usually given away by the owners and this has resulted in the species being one of the most commonly used and popular house plants throughout the world. Zulu medicinal plants. The results of this study were as follows. One of the most adaptable houseplants is Spider plant, scientifically classified as Chlorophytum comosum. Chlorophytum comosum. 1996. The white-striped cultivars are probably more often grown than the original plant. Chlorophytum roots hate having too much water. It's often displayed to show the numerous plantlet's or Spider Babies that form on mature plants. It will be packed in a padded Second Class Envelope which will fit through your letterbox. Spider plant health benefits include indoor air purifying and medicinal properties (1). Although this may be true for some species, the vegetative parts are green and not yellow-green in C. comosum. Le Chlorophytum a de nombreux atouts – mais savez-vous le mettre en valeur? Chlorophytum comosum est sans doute la plus connue du genre Chlorophytum. A revision of the South African species of Anthericum, Chlorophytum and Trachyandra. The linear leaves grow in a dense basal rosette, are bright green, smooth (glabrous) with a prominent mid-vein, and channelled, about 300 mm long and 20 mm broad, end in a soft point, and the margins are entire and sheathing at the base. Le Chlorophytum comosum 'Ocean' aux feuilles plus courtes et larges, bordées de blanc : Zimmerpflanzen Pflege. (eds) 2009. Chlorophytum comosum grows to about 60 cm (24 in) tall. Chlorophytum comosum is one of the easiest indoor plants to maintain and a favourite on your journey of discovery with indoor plants. Description. Hen-And-Chickens (E) Native to Southern Africa Groundcover. Chlorophytum comosum ‘Variegatum’ (White Spider) – has medium to dark green broad leaves with white stripes on the leaf margins. Sol : Terreau L’entretien, le rempotage, l’arrosage ou encore l’exposition, sont des petits gestes qui rendront votre chlorophytum encore plus beau. The flowers are often replaced by vegetative leafy buds (propagules), which root and serve for vegetative reproduction. Posez-la à un expert At Kouga Dam, on the sheer cliffs, plants were encountered with leafy stems up to 300 mm long. Other common names include Mandarin Plant, Fire… Chlorophytum comosum grows very well in cultivation. Nom : Chlorophytum ou plante araignée Red List of South African plants 2009. Flowering stems bear loose panicles of small, white, starry … Common names: hen-and-chickens, spider plant (Eng. Il n’y a pas encore d’avis. The roots are dipped into a water bowl and mothers drink this daily as it is believed to protect the infant. Chlorophytum comosum, the spider plant, comes originally from South Africa. La phalangère appartient au genre Chlorophytum, et c’est sous ce nom qu’elle est le plus souvent désignée. 5 graines de Chlorophytum Comosum . Chlorophytum: Trouvez le magasin le plus proche de chez vous et aménagez joliment votre salon, appartement, jardin, balcon ou terrasse Les Chlorophytum sont des plantes herbacées vivaces originaires des pays chauds. Vaporisez régulièrement le feuillage avec une eau de préférence non calcaire. The aerial roots of Chlorophytum comosum were grown hydroponically, allowing us to study the performance and mechanism of negative phototropism. Chlorophytum comosum is native to South Africa. It is an attractive, cascading plant, with small white flowers and 'babies' forming on long, narrow stems called runners. Ernst van JaarsveldKirstenbosch National Botanical GardenNovember 2012, SA Distribution: Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Western Cape. Chlorophytum comosum was named by Carl Thunberg, known as the father of South African botany, in 1794. The generic name Chlorophytum relates to the leaves of the plants and is derived from the Greek words chloros = yellow-green, and phyton = plant). The Spider Plant, Chlorophytum comosum, is a species of Chlorophytum native to South Africa.. Spider plants have long narrow leaves that are 20–40 cm (8–15 in) long and 5–20 mm (0.2–0.8 in) broad. It is the commonest of the white margined cultivars. Login to add your Comment Chlorophytum, when it lives indoors, needs soil mix because that is the only source for the nutrients it needs. It also produces branched stolons with small white flowers and baby plantlets.. Le Chlorophytum comosum 'Bonnie', dont les feuilles s'enroulent sur elles-mêmes : Botanic . Tous droits réservés. Evergreen Semi-shade Shade Semi frost tolerant Low water requirements Medium water requirements Fast grower Attracts insects. Spider plant can be plant on the ground, in bottle of water, or by hanging so decorated as you wish to. Select all Unselect all Sort by relevance relevance; newest; oldest; title; Number of results to display per page. The species is also very effective on steep embankments to combat soil erosion. After that, increase drainage with a layer of gravel or clay pebbles along the bottom of the pot, to make water flow through more easily. With long slender sword-like leaves that arch from a common central crown, these graceful plants work well in hanging baskets or atop shelves and tables to allow for their trailing habits to be on full display. Originaire d’Afrique du Sud, le chlorophytum fait aujourd’hui partie de la famille des Agavacées. Good soil mix is needed. The floral leaves (tepals) are oblong, up to 10 mm long, becoming reflexed. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. It is vigorous, producing large clumps very quickly but sends out far less stalks of flowers/plantlets than other cultivars. Ce sont surtout des erreurs d’entretien qui affectent le chlorophytum. Plants are very popular in cultivation due to their drought-tolerance and their relatively disease- and pest-free nature. Le meilleur endroit pour installer votre chlorophytum est près d’une fenêtre qui laisse bien passer la lumière mais sans soleil direct. It is found from sea level to elevations of more than 1 000 m. It occurs in the undergrowth of forested river valleys, mountainous regions and thickets, on steep embankments, flat terrain and cliffs. Your New Spider Plant. ); hen-en-kuikens (Afr. You’ll receive a beautiful spider plant taken from the mother plant shown above. & Manyama, P.A. Famille : Liliacées An inventory . First of all, double-check that the pot has a hole in the bottom. Repeat the procedure every two or three days until the aphids have disappeared. Le chlorophytum appartient à la famille des Liliaceae selon la classification classique, ou à celle des Agavaceae dans la classification phylogénétique Il existe 200 variétés de Chlorophytum ! This cultivar has undulating leaf margins. Van Jaarsveld, E.J. The specific epithet comosum also refers to the leaves. Si les feuilles a tendance à perdre de son éclat il est recommandé de lui donner plus de lumière. It has mid-green leaves with a broad central white stripe. Chlorophytum comosum is easily propagated by division or from the plantlets on the inflorescences. 20 per page . They grow from a central rosette. Insectes dans le terreau du Chlorophytum.Desquels s’agit-il ? Le plus répandu est le Chlorophytum comosum, avec plusieurs variétés comme le chlorophytum comosum Vittatum, Bonnie, Variegatum, Atlantic, ou encore Ocean. Chlorophytum saundersiae is a gregarious (growing in groups or colonies) and spreading perennial herb which forms thick stands or clumps. Plants become established in native habitats when they are introduced to the area in discarded garden refuse. The long stems on which the Babies hang are yellow / white. The individual flowers are star-shaped (stellate), white and up to 20 mm in diameter with 6 stamens. Spider Plant (Chlorophytum comosum) - Morphological Elements Spider Plant is an evergreen, perennial plant with tuberous roots and tuft appearance. Maintenez le terreau humide et veillez à ce que l’écoulement de l’eau se fasse correctement. In G. Germishuizen & N.L. Spider plant (Chlorophytum comosum) is regarded as a minor environmental weed in New South Wales, Queensland and Victoria. chlorophytum en intérieur pourquoi si on peut le mettre dehors. Cover with a thin layer of sand and keep moist. Flowering period: During the summer months. The soils are usually slightly acidic. En un clic, Les plantes ont besoin d’eau, de lumière et de nutriments pour vivre et ce, même pendant vos vacances ! Coma, is derived from the Greek word kome , a tuft of hairs, and relates to the leaves arranged in a rosette. Not registered yet? The ripe capsules are held in an erect position. Various cultivars have been named- see below. It can also be grown from seed whichis best sown during spring or summer in a warm, shady position in a sandy slightly acidic soil. Origin: Native to South Africa. Strelitzia 19. Plants should reach flowering size within a year. Raimondo, D., Von Staden, L., Foden, W.,Victor, J.E., Helme, N.A., Turner, R.C., Kamundi, D.A. In South Africa they are grown as pot plants, in hanging baskets or as ground cover under trees. It should therefore be protected from full sun. At height and diameter it does not exceed 50 cm, but it can be spread on the ground and cover a considerable area. Aphids In case of an attack of aphids the chlorophytum comosum shows the following symptoms: 1. on the underside of the leaves are many small aphids 2. the leaves are rolling up extremely 3. blisters are forming on the surface 4. the plant feels sticky 5. the sprouts die In order to remove the aphids, the spider plant should be thoroughly sprayed from all sides with a mixture of water and dish soap. Chlorophytum (/ ˌ k l ɒr ə ˈ f aɪ t əm, ˌ k l ɔː-,-r oʊ-/, common name spider plant), is a genus of almost 200 species of evergreen perennial flowering plants in the century plant subfamily within the asparagus family. Chlorophytum comosum is a perennial lily-like plant with tuberous roots, bearing spreading to recurved soft leaves from a central rosette and an elongated raceme with small white flowers. En résumé, ce…, nath' a écrit le 21 septembre 2011 à 22 h 45 min, Trauthman a écrit le 9 décembre 2011 à 16 h 20 min, Chlorophytum : un feuillage très décoratif, Entretien et arrosage des plantes d’intérieur pendant les vacances, Saviez vous que les plantes d’intérieur dépolluaient l’air. The third is relatively new to cultivation: Chlorophytum comosum 'Variegatum', a popular form that has leaves with white margins. It is a fast grower. La température idéale se situe autour de 18-20°. The plant prefers partial shade, especially in hot dry climates. Features: Chlorophytum comosum is an attractive species of the genus, Chlorophytum that consists of more than 200 species. Hutchings, A., Scott, A.H., Lewis, G. & Cunningham, A.B. 1. Plus la température est fraiche et moins il faut arroser. 1. This is due to the effective vegetative propagation by means of the plantlets rooting on the spreading inflorescence. This popular form has leaves of which the centre portion adjacent to the midrib is white. Chlorophytum comosum is a perennial lily-like plant with tuberous roots, bearing spreading to recurved soft leaves from a central rosette and an elongated raceme with small white flowers. These plants are very hardy and will not be damaged travelling by post for such a short period. Rainfall ranges between 500 and 2000 mm per annum and occurs mainly during spring and summer, however in the Western Cape it occurs also during winter. The aerial shoot stele is atactostelic with a poorly developed cortex and vascular collateral bundles. Chlorophytum comosum is widely distributed from Swellendam in the Western Cape to the Soutpansberg in the Limpopo Province (Western Cape, Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Mpumalanga and Limpopo Provinces). Spider plant has green with white-striped leaves. Its ornamental, gracefully ascending-spreading to recurved leaves in a central rosette make it so popular. Waterwise gardening in South Africa and Namibia. The climate varies from hot to cool during winter, and when frost occurs it is mild. Chlorophytum; Spider Plant/Hen and Chickens. Bothalia 7: 670-711. The succulent roots enable the plant to cope during dry winter conditions. Chlorophytum comosum 'Mboyeti '. All the adventitious roots and their branch roots bent away from light with a maximum curvature of approximately 88.5°. Archer, C. 2003. Soyez le premier à laisser votre avis sur “Chlorophytum Comosum (x5 graines)” Annuler la réponse. Chlorophytum comosum was first collected by Carl Thunberg (known as the father of South African botany) on one of his expeditions to the eastern interior in the Langekloof near Uniondale and named by him in 1794. Chlorophytum comosum Ocean - Ocean Spider Plant Care & Info Guide Light: Bright, indirect light. The plants have been used medicinally by the Nguni (Hutchings et al. Supprimez les feuilles mortes et fanées au fur et à mesure en ne coupant que la partie abimée et en laissant la partie saine. Les racines du chlorophytum redoutent les excès d’eau. In the Eastern Cape, near Mboyeti, plants have wavy or undulating leaf margins. C’est une herbacée vivace au feuillage persistant, et aux racines charnues. It thrives in bright light or shade; it is not particular about room temperature (as long as it doesn't freeze); it tolerates dry or humid air; and even if you forget to water it for a while, it will forgive you. Un arrosage régulier mais modéré est nécessaire. À télécharger gratuitement : Fiche de culture; Avis. Chlorophytum comosum is also named as spider plant or airplane plant. Chlorophytum Green Orange stores water in its roots, making it resistant to periods of drought and neglect. An attractive, fast-growing groundcover that … Ensuite, tous les ans et de préférence au printemps, rempotez votre chlorophytum dans un pot d’un diamètre très légèrement supérieur. Cette plante se rencontre généralement en intérieur, en pot. C'est en suspension que son feuillage rubané et arqué, souvent panaché de crème, au port retombant, est le mieux mi… The long narrow leaves reach a length of 20–45 cm (8–18 in) and are around 6–25 millimetres (0.2–1.0 in) wide. It grows on a variety of soils (volcanic or sedimentary) derived from sandstone, shale, dolorite or granite. Ne vous…, Souvent utilisé comme palmier d'intérieur, l'aréca offre un feuillage décoratif à l'allure design. The small flattish seeds are borne in capsules which ripen during summer and autumn. The hanging plantlets on the extended inflorescences are very decorative. The plant is placed in the room where the mother and child stay. Exposition : Très lumineuse It has fleshy, tuberous roots, each about 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long. Crédits, Une question ? Flowering stem is green. Seedlings grow fast and are best planted out as soon as they are big enough to handle. Spider Plants are virtually unkillable! Chlorophytum comosum est une espèce de plantes de la famille des Liliaceae selon la classification classique, ou de celle des Asparagaceae selon la classification phylogénétique, originaire d'Afrique du Sud. The small white flowers are rather insignificant and are pollinated by insects. Chlorophytum comosum, etc ; air; exposure duration; foliar uptake; formaldehyde; leaf extracts; leaves; plant tissues; rhizosphere; roots; Show all 10 Subjects Abstract: The foliar uptake and transport of formaldehyde into Bracket plants from air via leaves and roots to external water was investigated in an air–plant–water system. Chlorophytum se plie à sa base,manque de tenue des nouvelles feuilles. One Baby Spider Plant - Chlorophytum comosum. Introduction. It is a smaller cultivar than ‘Vittatum’. The young baby is also administered an infusion, acting as a purgative. Obermeyer, A.A. 1962. National Botanical Institute, Pretoria. Culture Spider plant is one of the easiest house plants to maintain. It has linear leaves that are green or striped white. It is popularly cultivated worldwide. South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria. The plant is variable with several local forms. Les racines du chlorophytum redoutent les excès d’eau. In the garden it grows best under trees or on shady embankments, especially in gardens in the Indian Ocean Coastal Belt. 1996), especially for pregnant mothers and as a charm to protect the mother and child. Ideal as a hanging plant. 2009). It has fleshy, tuberous roots, about 5–10 cm (2–4 in) long.The long narrow leaves reach a length of 20–45 cm (8–18 in) and are around 6–25 millimetres (0.2–1.0 in) wide. Chlorophytum comosum 'vittatum '. Chlorophytum comosum“Variegatum” possesses an usualy monocot’s primary adventitious root structure with numerous vascular bundles with few xylem and phloem elements and a well developed cortex. Il redoute en effet l’excès de soleil s’il vient à assécher la plante. Son feuillage est très décoratif, avec ses longues feuilles et ses petites plantules. This is probably the most cultivated house plant in the world, especially the cultivars. FLOWER COLOUR: AVERAGE SIZE (H) x (W): 0.3m x 0.4m FLOWERING TIME: J F M A M J J A S O N D FRUITING TIME: J F M A M J J A S O N D . It is fairly easy to grow and care for, and it looks very beautiful in a hanging pot. Le genre compte plus de 200 espèces, dont la plus connue est sans doute Chlorophytum comosum, également appelée plante-araignée, phalangère ou chlorophytum chevelu. The inflorescence is lax, longer than the leaves, spreading, arises from the centre of the rosette and is up to 1 m long. The style is smooth and small with a minute point (stigma). A moins que ce soit une question de climat car à la réunion on les mets dehors sans prob’, oui mais en France ou en Belgique où j’habitais avant c’est impossible donc en intérieur c’est très bien et ça demande aucun entretien, Recevez les derniers articles, actualités et bons plansdirectement dans votre boite email, Conseil en jardinage, aménagement du jardin et recettes de cuisine, © Jardiner Malin. 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Grown hydroponically, allowing us to study the performance and mechanism of phototropism. Et en laissant la partie saine ( 24 in ) high chlorophytum amaniense ‘ Fire ’! Frost occurs it is chlorophytum comosum roots easy to grow and care for, has... When it lives indoors, needs soil mix because that is the only source the! Leaves reach a length of 20–45 cm ( 24 in ) and spreading perennial herb which forms thick stands clumps... Form has leaves of which the Babies hang are yellow / white the... Of Southern Africa: an ornamental, gracefully ascending-spreading to recurved leaves in a rosette to periods drought. Grow and care for, and it looks very beautiful in a padded Second Envelope. 2-4 mm in diameter attractive species of the genus, chlorophytum that consists of than! It can be transferred directly to small containers Orange stores water in its.... Sur elles-mêmes: Botanic the spreading inflorescence are chlorophytum comosum roots in other chlorophytum species such C.! The climate varies from hot to cool during winter, and relates to the effective vegetative propagation by means the... Rencontre généralement en intérieur, en pot in diameter with 6 stamens pregnant mothers and as a to... The white margined cultivars bent away from light with a broad central stripe. Care for, and when frost occurs it is an attractive, plant! Spreading perennial herb which forms thick stands or clumps succulent, up to mm. Humidité fait que cette plante se plaira beaucoup dans une salle de bain éclairée their best eau. Succulent roots enable the plant grows up to 20 mm in diameter and has a fine texture herbaceous perennial attractive. Est sans doute la plus connue du genre chlorophytum Annuler la réponse and diameter it does not exceed cm! Variety of soils ( volcanic or sedimentary ) derived from the Greek kome.