The lid probably didn’t gasp, but whoever resealed it might have. Think of the last time you read through something of yours and caught yourself using the wrong there/they’re/their — or the wrong it’s/its or your/you’re. Dangling modifiers are errors. Social exclusion is inevitable when faced with mobility restrictions. The following is an example of the most severe and obvious problem with a dangling modifier: sometimes the resulting sentence just doesn't make sense. Correction: Rearranging the sentence resolves all confusion. The examples above should trim your dangling modifiers and help you recognize them in future. Dangling Modifier Examples: Having a solid roof to protect against the wind and rain, the weary travelers took refuge from the bad weather in the cabin. “Devastated, it was far too soon to attend a party — even one at her favorite restaurant.”. Being explicit makes writing clearer and easier to understand. Logically, it's "people" who are stuck standing in line, but with the way this sentence is structured, grammatically that phrase must refer to "the elevator," making the sentence nonsensical. That means that you can't just say, "The happy." The dog cannot read the signs; the word(s) “reading the hotel’s restrictions” modifies have been omitted 2. Correction: A subject must be added so the modifier has something to describe, change or limit. Probably not the failed experiment — which is the victim in all this. That missing "what" is the thing being modified. How to repair dangling modifiers – two options: 1. The written doctor’s note hasn’t missed any school — but someone has. Unbeaten, the Wildcats claimed the regular season championship. We can fix this by adding a phrase that identifies the missing subject: “Having missed school for a week, a written doctor’s note was needed.”. Problem: This is a dangling modifier because it is unclear who or what was hoping to garner favor. Remember, a modifier, whether word or phrase, must be as close to the subject it modifies as possible. An example of a dangling modifier is the phrase "having come" in the first clause in the sentence "Having come to the movie to … Hoping to excuse my lateness, I wrote a note and gave it to my teacher. Examples of Misplaced or Dangling Modifiers. A dangling modifier occurs when the subject of a modifier is missing from the sentence. Once we add the person who understands the clinic policies, we can include them in an active voice construction and make this sentence much clearer: “Reading the hotel’s pet policy, our dog stayed at a local vet clinic during our vacation.”. Happy writing! All Rights Reserved. Posses… (Before going out in the rain is the introductory phrase. Correction: This sentence could be corrected by adding a proper subject identifying the person who was hoping to win over the parents. For example, "The big" doesn't make sense without telling what is big which leaves "big" as a dangling modifier; but, "the big dog" is a complete phrase. Nowhere in this sentence do we see who exactly is devastated. Considering the examples given above, you can easily make out how these modifiers damage the … 1. If the modifier of a sentence doesn’t modify the correct Noun or Pronoun, then the meaning of the sentence can be changed. A modifier modifies or provides more information. In the case of adverbs, adverbs should modify the nearest verb or the subsequent adverb or adjective in the same sentence. A dangling modifier (also known as a hanging modifier) is one that has no subject at all and is usually a participle.It is also called illogical participle. Example 2. This is about moving forward with the know-how you need to write and edit better than ever. Problem: Elevators can't stand in line. “Understanding the veterinary clinic’s policies, an appointment was set well in advance.”. After reading the great new book, Anna thought the movie based on it was sure to be exciting. Linking modifiers correctly to their subjects is what makes complex sentences work. We fix the sentence by adding the devastated person and rephrasing the rest: 7 Best Proofreading Software Programs For Writers In 2020, 15 Common Grammar Mistakes That Kill Your Writing Credibility, “With nothing to prove, the dress made her the focal point of the evening.”. The modifier “hoping to get her attention” is left dangling, because the one hoping isn’t even there. But whoever made that gesture isn’t even mentioned, which is what makes this sentence so confusing. Click to Grab the FREE Checklist: "46 Simple Steps To Write & Publish Your Book”, “Hoping to get her attention, her ex had the restaurant named after her, but she ignored the grand gesture and walked out with someone else.”, “Having missed school for a week, she needed to bring a written doctor’s note.”, “Understanding the veterinary clinic’s policies, the puppy’s owner set an appointment well in advance.”, “Reading the hotel’s pet policy, we left our dog at a local vet clinic during our vacation.”, “Not having studied the manual carefully, Bill and Ted botched the experiment (or, “Hungry, my dad and little brother devoured the blueberry pie while I cleaned up.”, “Devastated, Lucy was in no state to attend a party — even one at her favorite restaurant.”, “With nothing to prove, Lily wore a dress that made her the focal point of the evening.”, “With a gasp, Dr. Jefffers quickly resealed the lid.”, “Without knowing the recipe, Maeve knew it was risky to make a cake from scratch.”, “After reading the poem aloud, he saw in her face that, in spite of his eloquence, he’d failed to move her.”, Example 10 with Prepositional Phrase and Participle, Example 11 with Prepositional Phrase and Participle, How to Write a Winning Pitch for Your Book or Writing Project, 365 Of The Best Daily One-Word Writing Prompts, 75 Of The Best Angst Writing Prompts Ever, 19 Best Self-Publishing Companies For Your Writing Business, 111 Awesomely Clever Narrative Writing Prompts, List of The Best Self-Publishing Companies. In some situations, a dangling modifier can render a whole sentence meaningless. Example 7 with an Adjective. Problem: Again, we are left wondering exactly who read the great new book. Now, the modifier is no longer dangling, since the subject - in this case, the boyfriend - is clearly identified. Problem: "Unbeaten" is left dangling here, apparently modifying a phrase to which it doesn't apply. A modifier is considered dangling when the sentence isn't clear about what is being modified. Problem: Here, it seems as though we have a subject: "my lateness." Here, social exclusion is said to … Phrases can also act as modifiers, providing additional information about something else in the sentence. The following is an example of the most severe and obvious problem with a dangling modifier: sometimes the resulting sentence just doesn't make sense. Since a modifier has to provide more information about something, by definition, the thing it is modifying has to exist. This example is clearer than the first, but still lacks the clarity and detail of good writing. The prepositional phrase “without knowing the recipe” should modify a person, but not a single person appears in this sentence. Modifiers need to be as close as possible to what they're modifying. So, to make this sentence clear, we’ll replace the passive voice construction with active voice and include the person responsible for the gasps. Vicious smelly creatures with huge tusks, the ship's crew found it difficult to drive the male walruses from the beach. Although most commonly found at the beginning of the sentence, the dangling modifier may be located at the end of the sentence, too. Whose fingers were covered in cat hair immediately follows Jack, its target. 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