God is light--What light is in the natural world, that God, the source of even material light, is in the spiritual, the fountain of wisdom, purity, beauty, joy, and glory. 2:18-23), the incarnation of the Eternal Son (chap. The first verses of the Epistle show a certain parallelism with the opening statements of John's gospel. Modern criticism tends to suggest that the epistle was written either by a "presbyter called John" or by a student of the apostle John. Many a reader has difficulties with this abstract way of presenting and considering as they cannot bring these abstract statements in line with their practical experiences. Words in boxes are from the Bible. He tells them that Christ the Eternal Son of God, the eternal life Himself, has come and that those who believe on Him receive eternal life and the sonship of God. Compare John 13:10 , Greek, "He that has been bathed, needeth not save to wash his feet, but is clean every whit." He Himself is ours; He in us and we in Him. . "John's Divine Logic"). 3:9). Proud member 1 John 4. Bultmann, The Johannine Epistles, 61-62, and Marshall, The Epistles of John, 204, n.3. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. Terms such as. As the Epistle begins, so it ends with "eternal life," which we shall ever enjoy with, and in, Him who is "the life eternal." The following statements we find in First John only: "God is light" (chap. John contrasts these attacks of the Christian faith with the facts of salvation. That which was --not "began to be," but was essentially ( Greek, " een, " not " egeneto ") before He was manifested ( 1 John 1:2 ); answering to "Him that is from the beginning " ( 1 John 2:13 ); so John's Gospel, John 1:1 , "In the beginning was the … The Apostle John deals with his various main subjects (life eternal, brotherly love, practical righteousness) at times more than once in an extremely simple way of expression but with great solemnity. 1 John 5, William Barclay's Daily Study Bible, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this commentary, as set of 17 volumes on the New Testament, the result of Barclay's dedicated work 1. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Ezra. 7. The sentence begun in 1 John 1:1 is broken off by the parenthetic 1 John 1:2 , and is resumed at 1 John 1:3 with the repetition of some words from 1 John 1:1 . This proves the distinctness of the First and Second Persons in the one Godhead. Mark’s Good News. (chap. www.easyenglish.bible. lie--( 1 John 2:4 ). The Word of Life - In the beginning was the one who is called the Word. Both parts of the sentence are identical in contents and therefore reversible for they are divine principles. He loves us that much! Observe, "sin" is in the singular; "(confess our) sins" ( 1 John 1:9 ) in the plural. Christ Himself was the embodiment of "the message," representing fully in all His sayings, doings, and sufferings, Him who is LIGHT. Although the First Epistle of John does not bear any author's name it was never seriously doubted that the apostle John is the author of this epistle as well as of the fourth gospel. The repeated expression of "I write unto you" indicates the book to be an epistle or letter however unique and special (compare chap. If we turn the sentence round it becomes evident: "One who has no possessions is poor.". Verse 1. Jesus is come to give us understanding, that we may know the true God, 1 John … Recipients, Author and Time of Writing. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on Mark’s Gospel. of--"concerning"; following "heard." Everything that was created received its life from him, and his life gave light to everyone. Recipients, Author and Time of Writing. The sentence begun in 1 John 1:1 is broken off by the parenthetic 1 John 1:2, and is resumed at 1 John 1:3 with the repetition of some words from 1 John 1:1. He expresses the personal assurance of faith by frequently repeating the words "we know" (chap. When that happens we need to go to the filling station which is the bible; we need a refill from the … we have not sinned--referring to the commission of actual sins, even after regeneration and conversion; whereas in 1 John 1:8 , "we have no sin," refers to the present GUILT remaining (until cleansed) from the actual sins committed, and to the SIN of our corrupt old nature still adhering to us. 506 See the discussion of major divisions in 1 John in the previous section “Structure and Purpose of 1 John.”. Some oldest manuscripts omit "Christ"; others retain it. 1. Behold --calling attention, as to some wonderful exhibition, little as the world sees to admire. (3-11) Christians addressed as little children, young men, and fathers. Robert Bryce. Jesus spoke these words, lifted up His eyes to heaven, and said: a. Jesus spoke these words: The Bible … 4:8.16). This 25 part expository study of 1 John was preached at Flagstaff Christian Fellowship in 2005-06. "Heard" is the verb most applying to the purpose of the Epistle, namely the truth which John had heard concerning the Word of life, that is, (Christ) the Word who is the life. There is no middle road for John between light and darkness, truth and lie, life and death. Compare 1 John 1:9 , "cleanse us from all unrighteousness," a further step besides "forgiving us our sins." 2. the life--Jesus, "the Word of life." walk--in inward and outward action, whithersoever we turn ourselves [BENGEL]. He that hath the Son hath life; and he that hath not the Son of God hath not life." . www.easyenglish.bible. Audio & Video Commentaries. Without having fellowship with God there can be no true and Christian fellowship one with another (compare 1 John 1:3 ). Contents, style and language of these two books are very similar. 2:3.5.18.20.21.29; 3:2.5.14.15; 5:2.13.15.18.19.20). "Through Christ God closes up the chasm that separated Him from the human race, and imparts Himself to them in the communion of the divine life" [NEANDER]. John calls these opponents of the Christian faith "antichrists" (chap. If sin is inevitable for us, it is not because God has decreed that we must sin. Many researchers, however, take the recipients to be among the Christians in Minor Asia; but the epistle bears a universal character. forgive--remitting the guilt. no darkness at all--strong negation; Greek, "No, not even one speck of darkness"; no ignorance, error, untruthfulness, sin, or death. The difficult statements of First John are always sentences of the second type. hands . In connection with John's gospel all of this points to the Apostle John as author of the epistle (compare with notes on John's Gospel). do not--in practice, whatever we say. we--apostles. Seeing is a more convincing proof than hearing of; handling, than even seeing. Contrast the wisest of the heathen feeling after (the same Greek as here; groping after WITH THE HANDS") if haply they might find God (see Acts 17:27 ). As the Son announced the message heard from the Father as His apostle, so the Son's apostles announce what they have heard from the Son. Read 1 John 5. These difficulties disappear, however, if one understands the "divine logic" behind these absolute statements. Gospel of John - Verse-by-verse Bible study and in-depth commentary of the Book of John in plain English for everyone to understand. For it is not sufficient to give a lip-service only. . The Gospel of John Verse by Verse Bible Study The Word was God (John 1:1-18) - Jesus was both the Word, and God. Declare is the general term; write is the particular ( 1 John 1:4 ). Salem Media Group. Nothing was made without the Word. Terms such as light and darkness, life and death, truth and lie as well as the only begotten son are typical for both books. The practice of our lives of faith has to agree with our confession. the blood of Jesus . ALFORD notices, Walking in the light as He is in the light, is no mere imitation of God, but an identity in the essential element of our daily walk with the essential element of God's eternal being. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking.. cleanse--purify from all filthiness, so that henceforth we more and more become free from the presence of sin through the Spirit of sanctification (compare Hebrews 9:14 ; and above, unrighteousness--offensive to Him who "is just" or righteous; called "sin," 1 John 1:7 , because "sin is the transgression of the law," and the law is the expression of God's righteousness, so that sin is unrighteousness. By the epistle we learn that towards the end of the first century heretics arose among the Christians who denied the divine sonship of Christ (chap. Compare Ephesians 5:8 Ephesians 5:11-14 . At the same time he refers to the tests by which one can recognize whether someone has true life of God. . This section marks the beginning of the second major part of 1 John, 3:11–5:12.427 The present unit begins with the assertion au{th ejstiVn hJ ajggeliva (Jauth estin Jh angelia, translated by the NET Bible as “this is the gospel message”), which parallels the similar assertion of 1:5.428 The unit ends with 3:24, since 4:1-6 is one of only a few sections almost all … So 2 John 1:12 , "your" in oldest manuscripts. handled--Thomas and the other disciples on distinct occasions after the resurrection. 5:11.12). Hilda Bright. he--God. Probably every Christian has a problem with these words when thinking of his practical life. At the start of the letter, the writer calls himself the‘*elder’. have seen" (perfect tenses), as a possession still abiding with us; but in Greek (not as English Version "have," but simply) "looked upon" (not perfect tense, as of a continuing thing, but aorist, past time) while Christ the incarnate Word was still with us. and--as the result of "walking in the light, as He is in the light." John 1:2-3, Note). 8. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. These attacks on Christology and the Christian ethic were stages of Gnosticism in its various shades which spread more and more during the 2nd century. All the resources for spiritual victory are ours in Jesus Christ and that resource is … 4:1-3) and the necessity of a life of faith in practical righteousness and brotherly love. 2:1.12.28; 3:7.18; 4:4; 5:21; Greek teknion: properly "dear child") and "little children" (chap. But the writer was an *elder overall the churches in a large area.Much of this letter is like John’s first letter. He that is born of God sinneth not, 1 John 5:18. The use of \"we\" immediately afterwards implies that we all are liable to this, though not ne… It is the beginning of Genesis 1:1 and John 1:1, the beginning there was before there was anything, when all there existed was God. Spirit ought to have felt and known His presence. And we really have become children of God. 1 Think about how much God the Father loves us. that ye also may have fellowship with us--that ye also who have not seen, may have the fellowship with us which we who have seen enjoy; what that fellowship consists in he proceeds to state, "Our fellowship is with the Father and with His Son." In other words, I'm gonna talk about the god that I know; and so will we. Bible Commentaries. The people who belong to this world do not understand who God is. Contents, style and language of these two books are very similar. Because of that, they do not understand who we are. IF WE WOULD HAVE FELLOWSHIP WITH HIM, WE MUST WALK IN LIGHT, AS HE IS LIGHT. faithful--to His own promises; "true" to His word. 1 John 3 We are God's children. (1,2) The effects of saving knowledge in producing obedience, and love to the brethren. Audio and manuscripts are available for each lesson. But there also the light of God's holiness and righteousness shone in its fullest brightness when Christ the Son of God became the propitiation for our sins. Bible Reference. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. 4. these things--and none other, namely, this whole Epistle. b. Text Commentaries. Our rejection of "His word" in respect to our being sinners, implies as the consequence our rejection of His word and will revealed in the .law and Gospel as a whole; for these throughout rest on the fact that we have sinned, and have sin. The sin unto death, and the sin not unto death, 1 John 5:16, 1 John 5:17. 1 John 2:7-11 the chief of which is, to love one another.. 1 John 2:12-14 The apostle addresseth Christians of all ages severally,. Keep yourselves from idols - From all worship of false gods, from all worship of images or of any creature, and from every inward idol; from loving, desiring, fearing anything more than God. One example is: "Whosoever is born of God doth not commit sin." To confess our need of cleansing from present sin is essential to "walking in the light"; so far is the presence of some sin incompatible with our in the main "walking in light." . that eternal life--Greek, "the life which is eternal." The wide recognition in the early church does also confirm the above. "Have heard . An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Gospel of John ... ‘You study the *scriptures carefully. 1 John 2:1,2 Christ is our advocate with the Father, and a. propitiation for the sins of the whole world. DISTINGUISHING MARKS OF THE CHILDREN OF GOD AND THE CHILDREN OF THE DEVIL. At the same time, he wants to make it clear that we do not have to sin. Further references are made by Irenaeus (around 140 to 202 AC), Clemens of Alexandria (around 150 to 215 AC), Tertullian (around 160 to 220 AC), Papias (around 65 to 150 AC according to Eusebius) and the Muratori Canon (end of 2nd century). This proves against Socinians he is here speaking of the personal incarnate Word, not of Christ's teaching from the beginning of His official life. 2:7; 3:13) and "beloved" (chap. (1a) Introduction. WALKING in the light, the element in which God Himself is, constitutes the test of fellowship with Him. that we have no sin--"HAVE," not "have had," must refer not to the past sinful life while unconverted, but to the present state wherein believers have sin even still. The end for which St. John writes these things, 1 John 5:13-16. write we unto you--Some oldest manuscripts omit "unto you," and emphasize "we." show--Translate as in 1 John 1:3 , "declare" (compare 1 John 1:5 ). Sin refers to the corruption of the old man still present in us, and the stain created by the actual sins flowing from that old nature in us. "Looked upon" as a wondrous spectacle steadfastly, deeply, contemplatively; so the Greek. In addition, the Epistle contains a third expression indicating the relation between God and his children (chap. 2 Corinthians: God shows his Power when we are Weak - by Philip Smith. The repetition of "with" before the "Son," distinguishes the persons, while the fellowship or communion with both Father and Son, implies their unity. The Word was with God and was truly God. The First Epistle of John shows the revelation of this life in those who believe in the Son of God. to--Greek, "in order that." It is probably not possible to state whether the Epistle or the Gospel of John has been written first. . Structure. Christ, like us, walked in the light ( 1 John 2:6 ). cleanseth us from all sin--daily contracted through the sinful weakness of the flesh. (24-29) (Compare John 4:36 , end; Philippians 2:2 , "Fulfil ye my joy," Philippians 2:16 , 4:1 , 2 John 1:8 ). Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of the Bible you can use in your small group. . With his epistle John wants to strengthen the simplest believer in his faith and to give him a divinely sure foundation and an effective weapon for the battle against false doctrine. His forgiving us our sins and cleansing us, &c. is in furtherance of the ends of His eternal faithfulness and justice. John heard this from Christ, not only in express words, but in His acted words, namely, His is whole manifestation in the flesh as "the brightness of the Father's glory." (15-23) They are encouraged to stand fast in faith and holiness. Contents, style and language of these two books are very similar. . "If thou shalt confess thyself a sinner, the truth is in thee; for the truth is itself light. Written by Keith Simons. which--Greek, "the which." deceive ourselves--We cannot deceive God; we only make ourselves to err from the right path. That you may not sin: This is God’s desire for the believer. The perfect "have . He calls us his children. BROTHERLY LOVE THE ESSENCE OF TRUE RIGHTEOUSNESS. 3,4. 3:6). A word list at the end explains words with a … we make him a liar--a gradation; 1 John 1:6 , "we lie"; 1 John 1:8 , "we deceive ourselves"; worst of all, "we make Him a liar," by denying His word that all men are sinners (compare 1 John 5:10 ). . just--Not merely the mercy, but the justice or righteousness of God is set forth in the redemption of the penitent believer in Christ. "WE WALK"; "God is (essentially in His very nature as 'the light,' 1 John 1:5 ) in the light." 1 John 1:1-10 . Every Christian runs low on joy at times. Thus this epistle has rightly been called a continuation of the gospel of John (of chapters 1 to 19) especially. THE WRITER'S AUTHORITY AS AN EYEWITNESS TO THE GOSPEL FACTS, HAVING SEEN, HEARD, AND HANDLED HIM WHO WAS FROM THE BEGINNING: HIS OBJECT IN WRITING: HIS MESSAGE. In contrast to the Apostle Paul, John does not describe the believer's position in Christ and the privileges of the church of God (ecclesia) but life eternal in the children of God and the relations among the family of God. 507 Cf. 1:1; 2:7.13.14.24; 3:11; compare with 2 John 1:5-6). Light and love found their upmost development on the cross of Calvary. . (12-14) All are cautioned against the love of this world, and against errors. . Most researchers date the epistle towards the end of the first century that is between 90 and 100 AC (the Gospel of John is dated at around the same time). (The quotation is not explicitly attributed to John, though.) As all material life and growth depends on light, so all spiritual life and growth depends on GOD. And with this Word, God created all things. This seminary-level study retains its depth and uses an engaging interactive format. 3:2.21; 4:1.7.11) testify the affection connecting the author with the recipients of the epistle. John himself had leaned on Jesus' breast at the last supper. and the power of Satan and the world. 2:18; 4:3), that is forerunners of the great opponent of Christ in the last days after the rapture of the church (compare with 2 Thessalonians 2; Revelation 13:11 ff; Revelation 19:20). The authority of manuscripts and versions on both sides here is almost evenly balanced. All rights reserved. The Gospel of John describes the revelation of life eternal in Christ the incarnated Word. To wish joy to the reader was the ancient customary address. we have fellowship one with another--and of course with God (to be understood from 1 John 1:6 ). looked upon . A word list at the end explains words with a *star by them. Subject and contents of the epistle are summarized in the following words: "And this is the record that God hath given to us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. John said, that which we have seen and heard we declare. Luke: Luke's Good News [or download in RTF format] A Bible text and commentary on Luke's Gospel. The first verses of the Epistle show a certain parallelism with the opening statements of John's gospel. Christ Himself is the source, object, and center of His people's joy (compare 1 John 1:3 , end); it is in fellowship with Him that we have joy, the fruit of faith. That which was--not "began to be," but was essentially (Greek, "een," not "egeneto") before He was manifested ( 1 John 1:2 ); answering to "Him that is from the beginning" ( 1 John 2:13 ); so John's Gospel, John 1:1 , "In the beginning was the Word." The apostle stresses invariability and certainty of the Christian message by the repeated expression "from the beginning" (chap. This logic is simply explained in the following two examples: The second part of the sentence contains one of many possible evidences and to turn the sentence round would be non-sensical: "Who cannot speak is dead". 1 John 3:1-24 . "Heard," namely, from Christ Himself, including all Christ's teachings about Himself. John: John tells the Good News about Jesus - by Marion Adams. John also shows tests for the practical life of the Christians who are distressed by false teachers. God does not make the believer sin. This is where the love of God to lost sinners was revealed in giving His own Son. The first epistle does not mention any addressees. The frequent address "children" (chap. Words in boxes are from the Bible. Each localchurch had its leaders who were the ‘elders’. Romans: Paul's letter to the Romans - by Hilda Bright and Keith Simons. heard . Both characteristics of God stand always in total agreement to each other. Not yet has thy life become perfectly light, as sins are still in thee, but yet thou hast already begun to be illuminated, because there is in thee confession of sins" [AUGUSTINE]. My little children--The diminutive expresses the tender affection of an aged pastor and spiritual father. My own dear children, that is, And, &c.--connected with the former; Furthermore, \"if any man sin,\" let him, while loathing and condemning it, not fear to go at once to God, the Judge, confessing it, for \"we have an Advocate with Him.\" He is speaking of a BELIEVER'S occasional sins of infirmity through Satan's fraud and malice. "The truth respecting God's holiness and our sinfulness, which is the very first spark of light in us, has no place in us" [ALFORD]. 1 Corinthians: Servants of Christ - by Hilda Bright. God's promises of mercy, to which He is faithful, are in accordance with His justice. Although the First Epistle of John does not bear any author's name it was never seriously doubted that the apostle John is the author of this epistle as well as of the fourth gospel. He is speaking not of justification through His blood once for all, but of the present sanctification ("cleanseth" is present tense) which the believer, walking in the light and having fellowship with God and the saints, enjoys as His privilege. Therefore he puts "of," or "concerning," before "the word of life," which is inapplicable to any of the verbs except "heard"; also "heard" is the only one of the verbs which he resumes at 1 John 1:5 . John does not describe the practical life of every individual Christian (which life, sad to say, often differs from this) but he lays down divine principles (see paragraph 3.a. Here it means that the writer is a leader in the church. in darkness--Greek, "in the darkness"; opposed to "the light" (compare 1 John 2:8 1 John 2:11 ). . It is rather a fundamental statement on the nature of a man born of God who is, therefore, able to live a life according to God. Greetings and other personal messages are missing also. Thus only will the genuineness of our confession be seen. 3:1.10; 5:2; Greek tekna theou: "children of God"). That which we have seen and heard--resumed from 1 John 1:1 , wherein the sentence, being interrupted by 1 John 1:2 , parenthesis, was left incomplete. It also shows the features of this life in its practical realisation in the believers: righteousness and brotherly love. The first speaks of God's holiness, truth and righteousness and the second of His grace and mercy. "One who is poor does not have any possessions. The aim of the epistle is expressed in chapter 5:13: "These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God; that ye may know that ye have eternal life, and that ye may believe on the name of the Son of God.". As God here, so Christ, in 1 John 2:8 , is called "the true light." The First Epistle does not bear any indication of an author nor of an addressee. John tells the Good News about Jesus. It could meanthat the person was old. The expressions "brethren" (chap. It could mean that the people respected him as amature man. have fellowship with him--( 1 John 1:3 ). the truth--( Ephesians 4:21 , John 3:21 ). In very simple English (1200 word vocabulary). True faith. Appropriate to John's contemplative character. The confession of sins is a necessary consequence of "walking in the light" ( 1 John 1:7 ). The apostle directs to the atonement of Christ for help against sinful infirmities. 2. i. John previously rebuked the idea that we can become sinlessly perfect (1 John 1:8). Written by … The two facts are the constant presence of the true Light, and the creation of the world by Him. "They who defend their sins, will see in the great day whether their sins can defend them." Home >> Bible Studies >> 1, 2, and 3 John Studies >> 1 John 3:11-24 These small group studies of 1 John contain outlines, cross-references, Bible study discussion questions, and applications. First division of the body of the Epistle declare--Greek, "announce"; report in turn; a different Greek word from 1 John 1:3 . John nowhere uses the term "Gospel"; but the witness or testimony, the word, the truth, and here the message. 5. (Psalms 85:10), 1 John 1:1-4 Introduction: The Word of Life, 1 John 1:5-10; 1 John 2:1-12 Characteristics of True Fellowship with God, 1 John 2:28-29; 1 John 3; 1 John 4:1-6 Characteristics of the Children of God, To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use the convenient, Although the First Epistle of John does not bear any author's name it was never seriously doubted that the apostle John is the author of this epistle as well as of the fourth gospel. Testify the affection connecting the author with the opening statements of First John are sentences... 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